Was ist Sanitärarmatur?

What is plumbing fixture?

Sanitary systems play a crucial role in ensuring comfort and hygiene in residential and commercial buildings. One of the key elements of these systems is the plumbing fixture, without which the function of water supply and heating systems is unimaginable.

Definition of the Term "Plumbing Fixture"

Plumbing fixtures are the general term for devices and mechanisms designed to control the flow of liquids, ensure their distribution, regulate pressure, protect systems and equipment from emergencies and abnormal operating conditions.

Importance of Fixtures in Water Supply and Heating Systems

Plumbing fixtures play a critically important role in water supply and heating systems by ensuring their efficient, safe, and economical function. This is achieved through several key functions of the fixture:

  • Control of water and heat carrier flows. The fixture allows for precise control of the direction and volume of the fluid or steam flow in systems. This is important for maintaining an optimal balance in resource distribution and preventing overloads or inefficient energy use.
  • Pressure regulation. In water supply and heating systems, it is extremely important to maintain pressure within certain limits. Too low pressure can lead to insufficient supply, while too high pressure can damage the system and consumer equipment. Pressure regulators in the fixture ensure pressure stability, increasing the reliability and longevity of the system.
  • Prevention of backflow. Check valves in the fixture prevent unwanted backflow of water or heat carrier. This is particularly important in heating and hot water supply systems, where backflow can cause mixing of water at different temperatures, reducing system efficiency and increasing energy consumption.
  • Protection against emergencies and abnormal conditions. The availability of emergency fixtures, such as safety valves, protects the system from excessive pressure or temperature, preventing damage to equipment and infrastructure. This significantly increases the safety of system operation and protects the health and lives of people.
  • Resource saving. Properly selected and adjusted fixtures not only allow for efficient control of water and energy consumption but can also significantly reduce operating costs. By adjusting resource consumption to the needs of the system and operating conditions, significant savings can be achieved without compromising comfort and functionality.

Thus, fixtures not only improve the performance of water supply and heating systems but also contribute to their longevity, reliability, and safety, making them an indispensable part of any modern engineering infrastructure.

Types of Plumbing Fixtures

  • Taps are designed to completely stop the water flow in the system. There are taps of various designs, including ball, valve, and mixer taps, each with its advantages and specific application properties. Ball valves, for example, are known for their high reliability and easy maintenance.
  • Valves are used to precisely regulate the water flow by changing its intensity. This is achieved by changing the cross-section of the passage channel in the valve. Valves can be used to regulate water temperature, pressure, or flow.
  • Pressure regulators automatically maintain a predetermined pressure in the water supply or heating system to protect the system from pressure fluctuations that could lead to accidents or damage to the equipment.
  • Check valves are necessary to prevent the backflow of water, which is especially important for heating and hot water circulation systems. These devices ensure one-way movement of water and prevent the mixing of streams with different temperature parameters.
  • Filters are used to clean the water of contaminants and particles that could damage the equipment or deteriorate the water quality. Filters are installed at the system's entrance or before specific devices that need to be protected from contaminants.

Materials and Construction of Fixtures

Plumbing fixtures can be made from a variety of materials, with the choice depending on the operating conditions, durability requirements, and costs. The most commonly used materials include:

  • Brass is a popular choice for making taps and valves due to its corrosion resistance, durability, and antimicrobial properties.
  • Stainless steel is distinguished by its high strength, corrosion resistance, and long lifespan, making it ideal for use in critical systems.
  • Plastic is used for making some types of fixtures due to its low cost, corrosion resistance, and lightness. Plastic products are often used in systems with low requirements for mechanical strength.

The construction of fixtures ensures their functionality and reliability. The main construction elements include the housing, control mechanisms (handles, screws, drives), working organs (balls, slides, discs), and sealing elements (seals, packing), each playing an important role in ensuring the efficient operation of the fixtures.

Recommendations for Proper Maintenance and Care of Fixtures

Proper maintenance and care of plumbing fixtures significantly extend their lifespan and contribute to the trouble-free operation of the entire system. Here are some key recommendations:

  • Regular inspection. Regularly check the fixtures for leaks, corrosion, wear, and other visible damages. This allows you to detect problems in time and address them before they lead to more serious malfunctions.
  • Cleaning. Keep the fixtures clean by regularly removing lime and deposits. Using mild cleaning agents helps protect the surface and maintain the product's appearance.
  • Lubrication. Handles and movable parts of the fixtures should be regularly lubricated to ensure their smooth function. Use lubricants suitable for contact with drinking water if the fixtures are used in water supply systems.
  • Replacement of seals and sealing rings. Sealing elements are subject to natural wear and can lose their properties over time, leading to leaks. Regularly check and replace seals and sealing rings as needed.
  • Professional maintenance. For complex equipment and systems, it is recommended to involve professionals for professional maintenance and repair.

Benefits of Using High-Quality Fixtures Using high-quality plumbing fixtures offers a number of undeniable benefits:

  • Durability and reliability. High-quality fixtures have a longer lifespan and can withstand intense loads, reducing the need for frequent repairs or replacements.
  • Safety. Reliable fixtures decrease the risk of leaks and emergency situations, ensuring the safety of residential and commercial spaces.
  • Resource saving. Efficient control of water and heat flows contributes to reducing water consumption and energy use, leading to lower operating costs.


Plumbing fixtures play a key role in ensuring the reliability, safety, and efficiency of water supply and heating systems. Proper selection and regular maintenance of fixtures can prevent many problems and ensure the longevity and stability of the system.